Currently, the legalization of cannabis is one of the most debated topics worldwide. Many countries are considering legalizing cannabis due to its medical and recreational benefits, while others still consider it a dangerous drug and maintain prohibition.

In this article, we will explore the places where cannabis is legal and the conditions that apply in each.

In summary, cannabis legalization is underway in many countries around the world. The legalization of cannabis for recreational and medicinal use has many benefits, such as reducing the black market and generating tax revenues.

Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is a plant that has been used for centuries for medicinal and recreational purposes. However, due to stigmatization and prohibition, many people still see cannabis as a dangerous drug that only causes problems. Fortunately, more and more countries are legalizing cannabis and allowing its use in certain circumstances.

United States

In the United States, cannabis is legal for medicinal and recreational use in several states. In total, 18 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for recreational use, while another 36 states have legalized it for medicinal use. Each state has its own legislation on the use, possession and cultivation of cannabis, so it is important to know the local laws before using it.

Canada

Canada was one of the first countries to legalize cannabis nationwide. As of October 2018, cannabis is legal for recreational and medicinal use across the country. However, the legal age to purchase and possess cannabis varies by province or territory. In general, the minimum age to purchase and possess cannabis is 19 in most provinces.

Mexico

In March 2021, Mexico became the third country to legalize cannabis nationwide. The law allows adults over the age of 18 to purchase and possess up to 28 grams of cannabis, as well as to grow up to six plants at home. In addition, the law also establishes a regulatory framework for the production, sale and distribution of cannabis.

Europa

In Europe, several countries have legalized cannabis for medicinal use and some have also legalized it for recreational use. The Netherlands is known for its tolerant policy towards cannabis, where coffeeshops can sell cannabis for recreational use. Portugal has also legalized the use and possession of cannabis for personal use in limited quantities, while Spain allows the cultivation and private consumption of cannabis.

South America

In South America, Uruguay was the first country to legalize cannabis nationwide in 2013. The law allows adults to purchase and possess up to 40 grams of cannabis per month and also permits personal cultivation. In addition, the law establishes a regulatory framework for the production and sale of cannabis. Other countries in the region, such as Colombia and Argentina, have also legalized cannabis for medicinal use.

Asia

Although many Asian countries have very restrictive policies on cannabis, some are beginning to legalize it for medicinal use. Israel has been a leader in medical cannabis research and has legalized its use for certain medical conditions. We are following the legalization process in Thailand.

Oceania

In Oceania, Australia and New Zealand have legalized cannabis for medicinal use in some states and territories. In Australia, each state and territory has its own legislation on the use and possession of medical cannabis, while New Zealand passed a law in 2020 that will allow medical use and possession of cannabis from 2021.

In summary, cannabis legalization is underway in many countries around the world. The legalization of cannabis for recreational and medicinal use has many benefits, such as reducing the black market and generating tax revenues.

However, it is important to keep in mind that each country has its own legislation on the use, possession and cultivation of cannabis, so it is necessary to know the local laws before using it.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. In which countries is cannabis legalized? Cannabis is currently legalized for medicinal and/or recreational use in several countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Uruguay and some European countries.
  2. What are the benefits of cannabis legalization? The legalization of cannabis has many benefits, such as reducing the black market, generating tax revenue, and providing access to safer and more effective treatment for certain medical conditions.
  3. Are there risks associated with cannabis use? As with any substance, there are risks associated with cannabis use, such as abuse and addiction. There can also be side effects such as paranoia, anxiety and decreased short-term memory.
  4. How does cannabis legalization affect the economy? Cannabis legalization can have a positive impact on the economy, as it can generate significant tax revenues and create jobs in the cannabis industry.
  5. What precautions should be taken when using cannabis? It is important to follow local laws and take precautions when using cannabis, such as avoiding driving under the influence, not sharing with minors and not abusing its use.

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